The term antiquity is used to describe items that were made and used by cultures predating 4th Century AD. These items could vary from Egyptian items made and created alongside their belief in the afterlife. The Egyptians in particular invested the majority of their wealth into the burial and afterlife industry where the majority the items available were made to do. Pottery and sculpture were largely manufactured by the Greek and Roman's for different purposes; The Greeks designed pottery not just as utilitarian objects but also as decorative symbols of god worship, celebrating an event or even illustrating myths and legends. The Romans create large supplies of pottery for utilitarian purposes; to feed their ever growing population which swallowed the majority of Europe and parts of Africa.
These glorious ancient items were left in their context until discovery. Many of these beautiful items were collected between the 19th - 20th Century where the interest in lost culture became a serious subject of study.